Epidemic Disease Act 1897 and How will it Prevent the Corona Virus?

Epidemic Disease Act

What is the Epidemic Disease Act 1897 and how will it prevent the corona virus?

Epidemic Disease Act 1897: The corona virus is causing havoc to the entire world, in which every country and government is making every effort to stop its spread. In this direction, the center government has decided to implement section 2 of the Epidemic Disease Act 1897 on 11 March 2020.

Man has progressed scientifically. Progress in science and technology, education, health, and astronomy is the strongest proof of this. But along with scientific development, challenges are coming in new form. Currently, the biggest problem facing the world is the spread of corona virus.

The corona virus has reached more than 100 countries and the number of people dying from it is increasing day by day. That is why every country and government is taking various measures to prevent its spread.

Recently, the Ministry of Health, Government of India, through Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba, has decided to implement section 2 of the 123-year-old law Epidemic Disease Act 1897.

The decision to implement the provisions of Section 2 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, was taken on 11 March in a review meeting chaired by Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba.

Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba said that “It was decided in the meeting that all the States and Union Territories should be advised by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to implement the provisions of Section 2 of the Epidemic Disease Act 1897 so that the Ministry of Health All the advice should be implemented properly.

Now it is known what is this Epidemic Disease Act, 1897 and why the Government of India has decided to implement it.

About the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897

This act has 4 sections in total and is probably the shortest act. In Section 2 of this Act, certain powers have been given to the State and Section 2 (A) powers to implement it to control or control any epidemic.

Section 2 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 reads,

When the state government at any time feels that a dangerous epidemic is spreading in any part of that state or there is a possibility of spreading, then if the state government understands that the laws present at that time are inadequate to stop this epidemic, then the state The government can take some measures. In these measures, people are told to prevent the outbreak or spread of the disease through public information.

Epidemic Disease Act
Photo by CDC on Unsplash

In section 2b of the same Act, the State Government shall have the right to;

People traveling by rail or port or otherwise, whom the inspecting officer suspects are suffering from an epidemic, will have the right to be kept in a hospital or temporary residence and if any suspect is an infected person It can also be done by an inspection officer.

It is written in the Section-2 (A) of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897,

It states that when the Central Government feels that an epidemic has spread or is likely to spread in India or some part of it and the Central Government feels that the existing laws are not capable of stopping this epidemic then it (Central Government) may take some drastic measures which include; Anyone coming to any possible area can inspect the ship.

Section 3 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 reads,

There is also a strict provision in this. If section 3 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 came into force, then non-compliance of the government order in relation to the epidemic would be an offense and for this offense can be punished under Section 188 of the Indian Penal Code i.e. Indian Penal Code.

Apart from this, if a person takes any good step to prevent this disease, then no legal action will be taken against him.

Thus it is clear from the above article that the Government of India is making every effort to stop the spread of the corona virus. It is hoped that the implementation of the provisions of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 will help in preventing the disease from spreading in the country.

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